Many different types of eye diseases can affect people of all ages. Eye diseases can cause vision problems such as blurry vision, double vision, or sensitivity to light. They can also lead to blindness if not treated. Some eye diseases are more common than others, and some can be serious. Here is a list of the most common eye diseases and a brief description.


A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. It is the most common type of eye disease, affecting more than half of all Americans over 65. Cataracts can cause vision problems such as blurry vision, double vision, or sensitivity to light, and they can also lead to blindness if not treated.


Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve that can lead to blindness. It is caused by increased pressure inside the eye, affecting more than three million Americans. Symptoms of glaucoma include blurred vision, halos around lights, and pain in the eyes. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to blindness.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the retina. It is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes. Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include blurry vision, seeing spots or floaters, and difficulty seeing at night. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a disease that affects the retina and can lead to vision loss. It is the leading cause of vision loss in people over 60. Macular degeneration causes blurry vision and difficulty seeing details. There is no cure for macular degeneration, but treatments available can help slow its progression.


Presbyopia is a condition that affects the ability to see close objects. The natural aging process causes it, affecting more than half of all Americans over 40. Presbyopia symptoms include difficulty reading small print, needing more light to see clearly, and holding reading material farther away from the eyes. There is no cure for presbyopia, but treatments available can help improve vision.

How To Protect Your Eyes From Disease

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to treat eye diseases depends on the specific disease involved. However, there are a few general things that you can do to help protect your eyes and keep them healthy.

Get Regular Eye Exams

It is essential to get regular eye exams to detect and treat any potential eye diseases early.

Wear Sunglasses

Wearing sunglasses can help protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful UV rays, which can cause eye diseases such as cataracts.

Quit Smoking

Smoking increases your risk of developing many eye diseases, including cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy.

Drink in Moderation

Too much alcohol can increase your risk of developing alcoholic hepatitis, a disease that can damage the liver and affect vision.

Protect Your Eyes

Protect your eyes from injuries by wearing safety goggles when working with chemicals or doing DIY projects. And always wash your hands before touching your eyes.

Eat Healthily

Eating a healthy diet can help keep your eyes healthy. Include plenty of fruits and vegetables, and avoid overeating sugar and processed foods.

Exercise Regularly

Exercise is good for your overall health, and it can also be good for your eyes. Studies have shown that people who exercise regularly are less likely to develop eye diseases like cataracts and macular degeneration.

There are many different types of eye diseases, and it is essential to be aware of the signs and symptoms of each one. If you think you may have an eye disease, please see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Taking care of your eyes is essential, and following these tips can help protect them from disease.

What is the Difference Between an Optometrist and an Ophthalmologist?

An optometrist is a doctor who specializes in eye care and vision problems. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in diseases of the eye. If you have any concerns about your eyes or vision, it is best to see an optometrist.

When to Schedule Your Eye Exam

You should get a comprehensive eye exam every two years or more if your doctor recommends it. Eye exams are essential for detecting and treating any potential eye diseases.

What Happens in an Eye Exam?

A comprehensive eye exam includes several tests that help to diagnose and treat any potential eye diseases. The doctor will check your vision, eye pressure, eye health, and the movement of your eyes. They may also dilate your pupils to get a better view of the inside of your eyes.

Contact Us today to make an appointment to get your eyes checked and protect yourself from all of the above diseases.